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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

mentioned by those informers hostile to the Polish Press existed 'only
in the imagination of the people themselves.                                   P "-
This warning from the British Minister of Information to the Editors
of 4 mischief-making foreign papers * could,, under the existing state of
affairs, only have been directed at the Polish papers, since none of the
others had (except for Yugoslavia and she at a later date) any argument
with the Soviets. The affair of the Polish Press was to become a most
delicate problem in Britain, so delicate indeed that it could even make a
diplomatic c stir' in the relations between the British ^who did riot read
these Polish papers) and the Soviet Government.
After Brendan Bracken's warning, the matter lay dormant for six months
during which time British censorship, continuously and thorough!}"
* advised' the Polish Press with what amounted to normal censorship^
although officially this did not exist. The matter again became a fi touchy *
one when, in the early days of 1944, Moscow intensified its attacks on the
Polish Government, The victim was the most important of the Polish
papers Wiadomosci Polskie^ which the British Government forthwith
suppressed. The Observer^ on February 13, commenting on PraraVs
article, which had accused c Polish imperialists 3 " of not wanting the
destruction of Germany/3 simultaneously stated that " the report about
the massacre of seventy thousand Poles was published by Wiadomosci
Pohkie three weeks ago. An official protest to the British Government
by the Soviet Ambassador, Mr. Gusev, followed. Air. Gusev also pro-
tested against implied appeals to Poles published in that paper to fight
the Soviet parachutists in Poland."
There had been no such appeal as this. The massacre of the Poles
hi the Volyn province was confirmed a fortnight later by Moscow
with an explanation that murder was committed by u Ukrainian
Nationalists."
The above-mentioned quotation from Wiadomosci Pohkie which3
according to the Observer, had led M. Gusev to the Foreign Office^ read
as follows :
" Whether or not the British and American public wish to listen, whether
or not they wish to know, we must at length begin to talJk on certain questions
quite openly. We cannot remain silent about the so-called Volynian
shambles, which began a few months ago and is lasting until to-day. Parti-
sans sent from Russia have killed over seventy thousand Polish people,
employing the most e teuton* of methods. Impalement, sawing in two,
etc., are the quite normal means which those € heroes * of this Underground
fight are using and directing exclusively against the Poles, against the Polish
poverty and misery which had managed to survive in that area. This
extermination suits the Germans equally well, since the Germans and the
Russians have the same aims in connection with the Poles. They both
have the intention of destroying the Polish State and then exterminating
the Polish nation—razing it to the ground.
" Our propaganda has been silent about certain questions without avail.
We refer to the matter not so long ago for instance, of the Polish children
who were and are still dying of hunger in Russia—then we began a campaign
169